Codeine is a topic covered in the Consumer DrugInfo.

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General

Pronunciation:
(koe' deen)

Brand names:

  • Airacof® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Diphenhydramine, Phenylephrine)
  • Ala-Hist AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Allfen CD® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Ambenyl® (as a combination product containing Bromodiphenhydramine, Codeine)
  • Ambophen® (as a combination product containing Bromodiphenhydramine, Codeine)
  • Antituss AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Bitex® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Bromanyl® (as a combination product containing Bromodiphenhydramine, Codeine)
  • Bromotuss® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Bromodiphenhydramine, Codeine)
  • Brontex® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Bron-Tuss® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Brovex CB® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine)
  • Brovex PBC® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Calcidrine® (as a combination product containing Anhydrous Calcium Iodide, Codeine)
  • Cheracol® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Cheratussin® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Codafen® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Codimal PH® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine, Pyrilamine)
  • Cotab A® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine)
  • Demi-Cof® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine, Potassium Iodide)
  • Dex-Tuss® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Diabetic Tussin C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Dicomal-PH® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine, Pyrilamine)
  • Duraganidin NR® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • EndaCof AC® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine)
  • Endal CD® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Diphenhydramine, Phenylephrine)
  • ExeClear-C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Gani-Tuss NR® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Giltuss Ped-C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin, Phenylephrine)
  • Glydeine® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Guaifen AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Guiatuss AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Guiatussin® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Halotussin AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Iophen® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Mar-cof CG® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Maxiphen CD® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin, Phenylephrine)
  • M-Clear WC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • M-End PE® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Mytussin AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Nalex® AC (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine)
  • Notuss AC® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine)
  • Notuss PE® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Pediacof® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine, Potassium Iodide)
  • Pedituss® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine, Potassium Iodide)
  • Pentazine VC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine, Promethazine)
  • Pentazine® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Promethazine)
  • Phenergan® VC with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine, Promethazine)
  • Phenergan® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Promethazine)
  • Poly-Tussin AC® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Prometh® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin, Promethazine)
  • Robafen AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Robichem AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Robitussin® AC (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Rolatuss® (as a combination product containing Ammonium Chloride, Chlorpheniramine, Codeine, Phenylephrine)
  • Romilar AC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Tusnel C® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Tussi Organidin® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Tussiden C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Tussirex® (as a combination product containing Caffeine, Codeine, Pheniramine, Phenylephrine, Salicylic Acid)
  • Tusso-C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin)
  • Tuzistra XR® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine)
  • Vanacof® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Dexchlorpheniramine, Phenylephrine)
  • Z Tuss AC® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine)
  • Zodryl AC® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Codeine)
  • Zotex C® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Phenylephrine, Pyrilamine)

Important Warning

Codeine may be habit forming. Take codeine exactly as directed. Do not take more of it, take it more often, or take it in a different way than directed by your doctor. While taking codeine, discuss with your healthcare provider your pain treatment goals, length of treatment, and other ways to manage your pain. Tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family drinks or has ever drunk large amounts of alcohol, uses or has ever used street drugs, or has overused prescription medications, or if you have or have ever had depression or another mental illness. There is a greater risk that you will overuse codeine if you have or have ever had any of these conditions. Talk to your healthcare provider immediately and ask for guidance if you think that you have an opioid addiction or call the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline at 1-800-662-HELP.

Codeine may cause serious or life-threatening breathing problems, especially during the first 24 to 72 hours of your treatment and any time your dose is increased. Your doctor will monitor you carefully during your treatment. Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had slowed breathing or asthma. Your doctor will probably tell you not to take codeine. Also tell your doctor if you have or have ever had lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; a group of diseases that affect the lungs and airways), a head injury or any condition that increases the amount of pressure in your brain. The risk that you will develop breathing problems may be higher if you are an older adult or are weak or malnourished due to disease. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical treatment: slowed breathing, long pauses between breaths, or shortness of breath.

When codeine was used in children, serious and life-threatening breathing problems such as slow or difficulty breathing and deaths were reported. Codeine should never be used to treat pain or a cough in children younger than 18 years of age. If your child is currently prescribed a cough and cold medicine containing codeine, talk to your child's doctor about other treatments.

Taking certain medications during your treatment with codeine may increase the risk that you will experience breathing problems or other serious, life-threatening breathing problems, sedation, or coma. Tell your doctor if you are taking or plan to take any of the following medications: certain antibiotics such as erythromycin (Erytab, Erythrocin); certain antifungal medications including ketoconazole; benzodiazepines such as alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Diastat, Valium), estazolam, flurazepam, lorazepam (Ativan), and triazolam (Halcion); carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Teril); certain medications for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) including indinavir (Crixivan), nelfinavir (Viracept), and ritonavir (Norvir, in Kaletra); medications for mental illness or nausea; other medications for pain; muscle relaxants; phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek); rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane, in Rifamate); sedatives; sleeping pills; or tranquilizers. Your doctor may need to change the dosages of your medications and will monitor you carefully. If you take codeine with any of these medications and you develop any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately or seek emergency medical care: unusual dizziness, lightheadedness, extreme sleepiness, slowed or difficult breathing, or unresponsiveness. Be sure that your caregiver or family members know which symptoms may be serious so they can call the doctor or emergency medical care if you are unable to seek treatment on your own.

Drinking alcohol or using street drugs during your treatment with codeine also increases the risk that you will experience these serious, life-threatening side effects. Do not drink alcohol, take prescription or nonprescription medications that contain alcohol, or use street drugs during your treatment.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. If you take codeine regularly during your pregnancy, your baby may experience life-threatening withdrawal symptoms after birth. Tell your baby's doctor right away if your baby experiences any of the following symptoms: irritability, hyperactivity, abnormal sleep, high-pitched cry, uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body, vomiting, diarrhea, or failure to gain weight.

Do not allow anyone else to take your medication. Codeine may harm or cause death to other people who take your medication, especially children.

Your doctor or pharmacist will give you the manufacturer's patient information sheet (Medication Guide) when you begin treatment with codeine and each time you refill your prescription. Read the information carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. You can also visit the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website (http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm085729.htm) or the manufacturer's website to obtain the Medication Guide.

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TY - ELEC T1 - Codeine ID - 112154 PB - Consumer DrugInfo UR - http://familydrugguide.com/family/view/Consumer_DrugInfo/112154/all/Codeine ER -