Pseudoephedrine

General

Pronunciation:
(soo doe e fed' rin)

Brand names:

  • Afrinol®
  • Cenafed®
  • Children's Sudafed Nasal Decongestant®
  • Congestaclear®
  • Efidac®
  • Myfedrine®
  • Pseudocot®
  • Ridafed®
  • Silfedrine®
  • Sudafed 12/24 Hour®
  • Sudafed Congestion®
  • Sudodrin®
  • SudoGest®
  • Sudrine®
  • Superfed®
  • Suphedrin®
  • AccuHist DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Advil Allergy Sinus® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Ibuprofen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Advil Cold and Sinus® (as a combination product containing Ibuprofen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Alavert Allergy and Sinus D-12® (as a combination product containing Loratadine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Aldex GS® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Aldex GS DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Aleve-D Sinus and Cold® (as a combination product containing Naproxen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Allegra-D® (as a combination product containing Fexofenadine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Allergy Relief D® (as a combination product containing Cetirizine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Ambifed® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Ambifed DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Biodec DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • BP 8® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brofed® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromdex® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromfed® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromfed DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromhist DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromphenex DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromuphed® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Bromuphed PD® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brotapp® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brotapp-DM Cold and Cough® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brovex PSB® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brovex PSB DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Brovex SR® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Carbofed DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Certuss-D® (as a combination product containing Chlophedianol, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Cetiri-D® (as a combination product containing Cetirizine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Children's Advil Cold® (as a combination product containing Ibuprofen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Children's Motrin Cold® (as a combination product containing Ibuprofen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Chlorfed A SR® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Clarinex-D® (as a combination product containing Desloratadine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Claritin-D® (as a combination product containing Loratadine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Coldamine® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Coldmist DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Coldmist LA® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Colfed A® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Corzall® (as a combination product containing Carbetapentane, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Dallergy PSE® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Deconamine® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Deconomed SR® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Defen LA® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Dimetane DX® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Drixoral® (as a combination product containing Dexbrompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Drymax® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Dynahist ER® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • EndaCof-DC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • EndaCof-PD® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Entex PSE® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Exall D® (as a combination product containing Carbetapentane, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • ExeFen DMX® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • ExeFen IR® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Guaidex TR® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Hexafed® (as a combination product containing Dexchlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Histacol DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Guaifenesin, Dexchlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Histex® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Lodrane® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • LoHist-D® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • LoHist-PD® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • LoHist-PSB® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • LoHist-PSB-DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Lortuss DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Doxylamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Lortuss EX® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Lortuss LQ® (as a combination product containing Doxylamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Medent DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Medent LD® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Mintex® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Mucinex D® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Myphetane Dx® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Nalex® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Nasatab LA® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Neutrahist® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Notuss-NXD® (as a combination product containing Chlorcyclizine, Codeine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Pediahist DM® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Polyvent® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Pseudodine® (as a combination product containing Pseudoephedrine, Triprolidine)
  • Relcof PSE® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Respa 1st® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Respaire® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Respivent D® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Rezira® (as a combination product containing Hydrocodone, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Rondamine DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Rondec® (as a combination product containing Brompheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Rondec DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Ru-Tuss DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Semprex-D® (as a combination product containing Acrivastine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Suclor® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Sudafed 12 Hour Pressure/Pain® (as a combination product containing Naproxen, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Sudafed Triple Action® (as a combination product containing Acetaminophen, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Sudahist® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Sudatex DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Sudatrate® (as a combination product containing Methscopolamine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Tekral® (as a combination product containing Diphenhydramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Tenar DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Tenar PSE® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Theraflu Max-D Severe Cold and Flu® (as a combination product containing Acetaminophen, Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Touro CC® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Touro LA® (as a combination product containing Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Triacin® (as a combination product containing Pseudoephedrine, Triprolidine)
  • Trikof D® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Trispec PSE® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Tussafed LA® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Tylenol Sinus Severe Congestion Daytime® (as a combination product containing Acetaminophen, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Vanacof® (as a combination product containing Chlophedianol, Dexchlorpheniramine, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Vanacof DX® (as a combination product containing Chlophedianol, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Viravan P® (as a combination product containing Pseudoephedrine, Pyrilamine)
  • Viravan PDM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Pseudoephedrine, Pyrilamine)
  • Z-Cof DM® (as a combination product containing Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Zodryl DEC® (as a combination product containing Codeine, Guaifenesin, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Zutripro® (as a combination product containing Chlorpheniramine, Hydrocodone, Pseudoephedrine)
  • Zymine DRX® (as a combination product containing Pseudoephedrine, Triprolidine)
  • Zyrtec-D® (as a combination product containing Cetirizine, Pseudoephedrine)

Why Prescribed

Pseudoephedrine is used to relieve nasal congestion caused by colds, allergies, and hay fever. It is also used to temporarily relieve sinus congestion and pressure. Pseudoephedrine will relieve symptoms but will not treat the cause of the symptoms or speed recovery. Pseudoephedrine is in a class of medications called nasal decongestants. It works by causing narrowing of the blood vessels in the nasal passages.

How to Use

Pseudoephedrine comes as a regular tablet, a 12-hour extended-release (long-acting) tablet, a 24-hour extended-release tablet, and a solution (liquid) to be taken by mouth. The regular tablets and liquid are usually taken every 4 to 6 hours. The 12-hour extended-release tablets usually are taken every 12 hours, and you should not take more than two doses in a 24-hour period. The 24-hour extended-release tablets usually are taken once a day, and you should not take more than one dose in a 24-hour period. To help prevent trouble sleeping, take the last dose of the day several hours before bedtime. Follow the directions on the package label or on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take pseudoephedrine exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor or directed on the label.

Pseudoephedrine comes alone and in combination with other medications. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice on which product is best for your symptoms. Check nonprescription cough and cold product labels carefully before using 2 or more products at the same time. These products may contain the same active ingredient(s) and taking them together could cause you to receive an overdose. This is especially important if you will be giving cough and cold medications to a child.

Nonprescription cough and cold combination products, including products that contain pseudoephedrine, can cause serious side effects or death in young children. Do not give nonprescription pseudoephedrine products to children younger than 4 years of age. If you give these products to children 4-11 years of age, use caution and follow the package directions carefully. Do not give pseudoephedrine extended-release tablets to children younger than 12 years of age.

If you are giving pseudoephedrine or a combination product that contains pseudoephedrine to a child, read the package label carefully to be sure that it is the right product for a child of that age. Do not give pseudoephedrine products that are made for adults to children.

Before you give a pseudoephedrine product to a child, check the package label to find out how much medication the child should receive. Give the dose that matches the child's age on the chart. Ask the child's doctor if you don't know how much medication to give the child.

If you are taking the liquid, do not use a household spoon to measure your dose. Use the measuring spoon or cup that came with the medication or use a spoon made especially for measuring medication.

If your symptoms do not get better within 7 days or if you have a fever, stop taking pseudoephedrine and call your doctor.

Swallow the extended-release tablets whole; do not break, crush, or chew them.

Other Uses

This medication is also sometimes used to prevent ear pain and blockage caused by pressure changes during air travel or underwater diving. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Special Precautions

Before taking pseudoephedrine,

Hypersensitivity

tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to pseudoephedrine, any other medications, or any of the inactive ingredients in the pseudoephedrine product you plan to take. Check the package label for a list of the ingredients.

Drug Interaction

do not take pseudoephedrine if you are taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar), and tranylcypromine (Parnate), or if you have stopped taking one of these medications within the past 2 weeks.

tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention medications for diet or appetite control, asthma, colds, or high blood pressure.

Precautions and Contraindications

tell your doctor if you have or have ever had high blood pressure, glaucoma (a condition in which increased pressure in the eye can lead to gradual loss of vision), diabetes, difficulty urinating (due to an enlarged prostate gland), or thyroid or heart disease. If you plan to take the 24-hour extended-release tablets, tell your doctor if you have had a narrowing or blockage of your digestive system.

Pregnancy, Fertility, Lactation

tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. If you become pregnant while taking pseudoephedrine, call your doctor.

Surgery Precautions

if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking pseudoephedrine.

Special Dietary Instructions

Foods and drinks that contain large amounts of caffeine can make the side effects of pseudoephedrine worse.

Forgot a Dose

This medication is usually taken as needed. If your doctor has told you to take pseudoephedrine regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

Side Effects

Common Side Effects

Pseudoephedrine may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • restlessness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • weakness
  • headache

Severe Side Effects

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:

  • nervousness
  • dizziness
  • difficulty sleeping
  • stomach pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat

Pseudoephedrine may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while you are taking this medication.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch) or by phone (1-800-332-1088).

Storage Considerations

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).

Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website (http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.

It is important to keep all medication out of sight and reach of children as many containers (such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org

Emergency Overdose

In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at 1-800-222-1222. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at 911.

Additional Information

If you are taking the 24-hour extended-release tablets, you may notice something that looks like a tablet in your stool. This is just the empty tablet shell, and this does not mean that you did not get your complete dose of medication.

Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about pseudoephedrine.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

§ These products are not currently approved by the FDA for safety, effectiveness, and quality. Federal law generally requires that prescription drugs in the U.S. be shown to be both safe and effective prior to marketing. Please see the FDA website for more information on unapproved drugs (http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/Transparency/Basics/ucm213030.htm) and the approval process (http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm054420.htm).

This branded product is no longer on the market. Generic alternatives may be available.

Copyright

This report on medications is for your information only, and is not considered individual patient advice. Because of the changing nature of drug information, please consult your physician or pharmacist about specific clinical use.

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. represents that the information provided hereunder was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. makes no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such information and specifically disclaims all such warranties. Users are advised that decisions regarding drug therapy are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and the information is provided for informational purposes only. The entire monograph for a drug should be reviewed for a thorough understanding of the drug's actions, uses and side effects. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. does not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information is not a substitute for medical care.

AHFS® Patient Medication Information. © Copyright, 2018. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 4500 East-West Highway, Suite 900, Bethesda, Maryland. All Rights Reserved. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized by ASHP.

Selected Revisions: February 15, 2018.

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